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How to Make Challah

Why this recipe works Beautifully braided, rich, and lightly sweet, freshly baked challah is delicious on its own or smeared with softened butter. After a few days, it’s great dunked in custard and made into French toast for a decadent breakfast. The best challah is rich with eggs, and it has a dark, shiny crust and a firm but light and tender texture. For our recipe, we tried using bread flour, but it made no significant improvement to loaves we made with the typical all-purpose, so we stuck with that. We tested many different egg combinations (challah is known as egg bread, after all); for a tender texture and a rich but not overwhelmingly eggy flavor, we found two whole eggs and an additional yolk to be optimal. We kept with tradition and made the bread dairy-free, using water and oil to hydrate and enrich the crumb instead of the milk and butter found in less authentic versions. (Happily, we found that the challah made with water had a lighter and more appealing texture.) Just ¼ cup of sugar sweetened the loaf and also contributed to its browned exterior. The recommended shape for challah in most recipes is a simple three-rope braid. Shaped this way, however, our eggy dough rose out instead of up. Some recipes call for braiding six strands for a higher loaf, but this can get complicated—unless you have skills in origami. Our solution was to make two three-strand braids, one large and one small, and place the smaller braid on top of the larger one. We brushed the loaf with an egg-water mixture before putting it in the oven to produce an evenly brown, shiny crust—the finishing touch to our handsome challah.

  • makes 1 loaf
  • rising time 2½ to 3½ hours
  • baking time 20 minutes
  • total time 3¾ to 4¾ hours, plus 3 hours cooling time
  • key equipment 2 rimmed baking sheets, pastry brush, instant-read thermometer


  • 3¼ cups (16¼ ounces) all-purpose flour
  • 2¼ teaspoons instant or rapid-rise yeast
  • 1¼ teaspoons salt
  • ½ cup (4 ounces) water, room temperature
  • ¼ cup (1¾ ounces) vegetable oil
  • 2 large eggs plus 1 large yolk, room temperature
  • ¼ cup (1¾ ounces) sugar
  • 1 large egg, lightly beaten with 1 tablespoon water and pinch salt
  • 1 teaspoon poppy or sesame seeds (optional)

1). Whisk flour, yeast, and salt together in bowl of stand mixer. Whisk water, oil, eggs and yolk, and sugar in 4-cup liquid measuring cup until sugar has dissolved.


2). Using dough hook on low speed, slowly add water mixture to flour mixture and mix until cohesive dough starts to form and no dry flour remains, about 2 minutes, scraping down bowl as needed. Increase speed to medium-low and knead until dough is smooth and elastic and begins to pull away from sides of bowl but sticks to bottom, about 10 minutes.


3). Transfer dough to lightly floured counter and knead by hand to form smooth, round ball, about 30 seconds. Place dough seam side down in lightly greased large bowl or container, cover tightly with plastic wrap, and let rise until increased in size by about half, 1½ to 2 hours.


4). Stack 2 rimmed baking sheets, line with aluminum foil, and spray with vegetable oil spray. Transfer dough to clean counter and divide into 2 pieces, one twice as large as the other (small piece will weigh about 9 ounces, larger piece about 18 ounces). Divide each piece into thirds and cover loosely with greased plastic.


5). Working with 1 piece of dough at a time (keep remaining pieces covered), stretch and roll into 16-inch rope (3 ropes will be much thicker).


6). Arrange 3 thicker ropes side by side, perpendicular to counter edge, and pinch far ends together. Braid ropes into 10-inch loaf and pinch remaining ends together. Repeat braiding remaining ropes into second 10-inch loaf.


7). Transfer larger loaf to prepared sheet, brush top with egg mixture, and place smaller loaf on top. Tuck ends underneath. Cover loosely with greased plastic and let rise until loaf increases in size by about half and dough springs back minimally when poked gently with your knuckle, 1 to 1½ hours.


8). Adjust oven rack to middle position and heat oven to 375 degrees. Brush loaf with remaining egg mixture and sprinkle with poppy seeds, if using. Bake until deep golden brown and loaf registers 190 to 195 degrees, 20 to 25 minutes, rotating sheet halfway through baking. Transfer loaf to wire rack and let cool completely, about 3 hours, before serving.


problem The loaf’s braids come undone.

solution Tuck the ends of the loaf under.

After shaping the loaf of challah, don’t forget to tuck the ends under. If you fail to do so, the ends will open up as the loaf expands during proofing and baking, and the braid will begin to unravel. If the braids do come undone as the loaf proofs, pinch the ends back together and tuck them under before baking.

problem The loaf browns too quickly.

solution Tent the loaf with foil.

This loaf’s exterior may turn deep golden brown before the interior cooks through. If the loaf seems to be browning too quickly, simply tent it with aluminum foil to shield the crust while the interior finishes baking.

a step-by-step guide